Eye Facts: Things You Should Know about Vitreous Humor

The eye has several essential parts – sclera, the cornea, the posterior and anterior chambers, the iris or the pupil, the lens, the retina, and there’s vitreous humor. Each part of the eye has critical functions. However, as a person ages, each part of the eye will start to lose its dynamic functions.

The humor vitreo or the vitreous humor is one of the critical parts of the eye that isn’t usually given the spotlight, unlike the other parts. Other than it is a clear and gel-like substance inside the eye that contains mostly water, the vitreous humor is simply a part of the eye.

Fortunately, it is more than that; the vitreous humor plays a huge role when it comes to vision – just like any parts of the eye. To know vitreous humor better, here are a few things about it that you might have missed out.

What is Vitreous humor exactly?

As described earlier, the vitreous humor is a clear and gel-like substance that is largely composed of water, which is 99 percent and the rest is the mixture of proteins, collagens, sugar, and salts. It is located at the back of the eyeball; it fills the space between the retina and the lens.

Anatomically, the eye is divided into 3 sections – the anterior chamber, the vitreous chamber, and the posterior chamber; the vitreous chamber takes up 80 percent of the eye, a little bigger than the anterior and posterior chamber.

The Functions

The vitreous humor isn’t there just to fill the space between the retina and the lens; it plays a vital role such as:

  • It keeps the “spherical shape” of the eye, which is essential to vision.
  • Its pressure helps keep the retina in its position and keep it properly attached to the eye’s back wall.
  • It helps absorb shocks.

The vitreous humor degeneration

As people age, the vitreous humor starts to shrink – just like gelatin that is shrinking over time. Also, while the vitreous humor starts to shrink it starts to become more liquid, causing “vitreous floaters”. These floaters will cause problems to your vision, including the following:

  • Your vision will appear knobby, with dark specks, and strings of floating materials.
  • You find it very uncomfortable since it is very noticeable, especially when you look at a bright and plain background.
  • There are small shaped-like strings, spots, and cobwebs that will drift into the line of vision.

It is time to meet an eye specialist

Floaters are often harmless; however, if the floaters are increasingly getting into the field of vision, together with light flashes, causing vision problems such as peripheral vision loss, you need to consult an eye specialist to have it corrected. If the floaters are impairing your vision, the eye doctor will recommend floater removal through surgery.

Vitreous humor also plays a huge part in terms of vision. If you are currently having problems with vision today, you should consult an eye specialist like in brillpharma.com sooner to avoid bigger vision problems.

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